Thomson 1796 East India Pattern Brown Bess, Early Type Third Model Musket
Lock signed THOMSON, barrel and stock display inspectors’ marks & EIC mark
39” .75-caliber barrel - SOLD
This original flintlock British India Pattern infantry longarm, known as the 3rd Model Brown Bess is a Type II. This lighter and shorter musket was favored by the Board of Ordnance for the British Army; the pattern was developed and adopted by the East India Company, hence the name.
Differences between "Short Land" pattern and the “India” pattern are the weight and length (1 pound lighter and 3” shorter). Also, no escutcheon (thumb) plate, three ramrod pipes rather than four; brass butt plate and trigger guard are less ornate.
This example retains all its original parts and is in good condition.
The barrel secured to the stock with conventional pins. At the top of barrel, near breech are found the King’s proof marks and a viewer’s mark. Barrel breech tang is unmarked; bayonet lug is 2” behind the muzzle. The bore looks good; barrel surface is smooth and uniform with scattered brown peppering; ramrod with button tip. The lockplate with slightly curved face is the type with two sear screws behind the cock; lockplate displays the “EAST INDIA EIC” trade mark under “1796” and a small “crown over 1” beneath the pan surmounting “THOMSON”. The cock, comb, cock screw, top jaw, lower jaw, pan and frizzen are original as is the feather spring. Brass furniture includes rounded side plate with large stock screws…nose cap, three ramrod tubes, trigger guard, and butt plate (smooth patina and good color). The butt plate is regimentally marked “1 over 43”.
The dark walnut stock is 50” long and is in good condition; appears to be original color and finish. There is a shallow area of wood loss behind the nose-cap above the first barrel pin, very dark color and hardly noticeable; some minor wear around pins with all else fine. Overall, great condition…a nice example.