MAPS BATTLE-FIELD OF GETTYSBURG. POSITIONS OF TROOPS
BY JOHN B. BACHELDER (Bachelder, John B. (John Badger), 1825-1894.)
• Map of the Battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 1863: First Day's Battle
• Map of the Battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 1863: Second Day's Battle
• Map of the Battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 1863: Third Day's Battle
Published by authority of the Honorable Secretary of War, office of the Chief of
Engineers, U.S. Army, 1876; Positions of troops compiled and added for the
Government by John B. Bachelder Gettysburg battlefield. Battle fought at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1st, 2d & 3d, 1863 by the
Federal and Confederate armies, commanded respectively by Genl. G. G. Meade and Genl. Robert E. Lee
Bachelder’s maps are a tour de force of Civil War-era mapmaking and difficult to
find in a complete set…let alone bound.
Inspired by European military tradition, U.S. Army Engineers published maps for most
major battles shortly after the war. However, the Gettysburg after-battle maps were not
published until 1876. In comparison to the others, they are quite remarkable. Their
production resulted from the collaboration of a civilian, John Bachelder, and a team of
Army surveyors under the direction of noted mapmaker, Gen. G. K. Warren. These
topographic surveys were so detailed that the resulting maps, issued at a scale of 1-
inch equals 1,000 feet, used four-foot contours and shading to represent the terrain.
Three maps, rather than one, documented the positions and movements of the armies
during the battle. Bachelder’s colored bird's-eye views show the topography of the
battlefield by the perspective of the drawing, shading, and coloring. Drainage,
vegetation, roads, and streets; railroads, bridges, houses and names of residents,
fences, points of interest on the battlefield, including designations of places where
officers were killed or wounded, are indicated. Amazingly locations of the corps,
divisions, brigades, etc. of both armies, with the names of commanding officers, are
given in detail. Badge symbols are used to identify the Federal corps.
Bachelder spent eighty-four days in Gettysburg after the battle. Purportedly U.S.
General-in-Chief Winfield Scott was so impressed by the map that he introduced
Bachelder to President Abraham Lincoln.
Editions of the maps are within the collection of the Library of Congress which describes
it as “Colored bird’s-eye view showing the topography of the battlefield by the
perspective of the drawing, shading and coloring.”
Bachelder became an acknowledged national expert on the battle. He worked with the
Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association in preserving select features of the
battlefield. In 1893 he was appointed to a three-man commission responsible for
marking the battlefield, however he died the following year.
John Bachelder (1825-1894) was a painter, lithographer, photographer, and historian.
Early in his career he produced an important body of work depicting sites and cities in
the northeastern United States. On his own initiative he traveled to Gettysburg
immediately after the battle, where he spent as previously stated no fewer than 84 days
traversing the field, making sketches, and interviewing many eyewitnesses of the
events. Later that year he published the spectacular detailed bird’s-eye view of
Gettysburg. He went on to become the preeminent 19th-century historian of the battle
and for years served as director of the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association.
This rare and most important survivor was purchased at a sale of the effects of Major
General Ambrose E. Burnside by well-known artist Charles De Wolf Brownell at Bristol,
Rhode Island in November of 1881.
Two Related Autographed Letters, Signed, on Lined paper, 1864
Ambrose Burnside and Governor K. Warren A fine pair of letters: an autograph letter
signed, "G. K. Warren Maj. Genl Vols.," 7.5" x 9.5", "Hd. Qurs. 5th A.L.," November 2,
1864 to General Lorenzo Thomas in Washington, acknowledging "...the receipt of my
letter of appointment as Major of Engineers..." Together with a letter signed "A. E.
Burnside," 7.5" x 9.5", "Head Qrs. 9th Army Corps Front of Petersburg, Va," June 24,
1864 to Thomas P. Dickerman. Burnside writes in part, "I am very sorry to find that your
increasing ill-health should require you to leave the service, but I am not surprised at the
effect of the fatigue of this severe campaign upon your constitution. If affords me great
pleasure to say to you before you leave, that while with my Head Quarters your
Services have always been more cheerfully and faithfully rendered, and have been in
every way acceptable - I trust that in the change of scene and quite attentions of home
you may find a sure restoration to health..." Both letters are in excellent condition. Nicely
matted together with gold accents and ready for framing.
Burnside Carbine by the Burnside Rifle Company, 54 Caliber percussion Breechloader
Designed by Ambrose Burnside, Treasurer & Partner of Bristol Firearms Company Date/Period: 1860-1862, Serial Number: 1761
Measurement: 21” .54 Caliber barrel
Material: Walnut Stock
Condition: Mostly brown with scattered fading to smoky gray, speckling, smooth action.
Sliver of wood missing from stock [2.75”] above lock. Surface of stock
appears to be original, robust patina. Bore shows roughness, just okay.
Additional Information: This carbine has 21" round barrel with pinched blade front sight, there
is no two-position flip rear sigh. Receiver displays Burnside's patent mark: BURNSIDE PATENT
/ MARCH 25 / 1856. Lockplate marked: BURNSIDE RIFLE CO. / PROVIDENCE R.I., lever
marked: G.S. FOSTER PAT. / APRIL 10TH 1860. Mounted with straight grain, American walnut
stock with carbine buttplate and a sling swivel on bottom, sling bar and ring on left side.
Cabinet Card, Portrait of Ambrose Burnside, Signed Gen. A.E. Burnside
Hurd / 257 Westminster Street, Prov. R.I.
The entire lot, Maps, letters, carbine and cabinet card at $22,825.00
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