War of 1812 to Mex-American War
History, Military, American Naval History,
Mss. Document, USS Frigate Constitution
Boston June 20, 1798 Receipt: United State Naval Agent
borrows Four Ton of Canister Shot and
Four Eighteen-pound Cannon
for use on the USS Frigate Constitution.
Agent borrows Four Ton of Canister Shot and Four Eighteen-pound Cannon
for use on the USS Frigate Constitution. Of importance, the receipt is a historical deviation
from the Wikipedia version which notes that sixteen cannons were borrowed vs. the four
found in this receipt. The Cannon and shot were borrowed from Castle Island when
the Constitution was ordered out on her first run but had not yet been fully outfitted with cannon.
Transcript as follows:
Boston June 20, 1798
Received from Amasa Davis QM Gen. of Castle Island, under
command of William Perkins, esg four tons of Cannister Shott
the property of Commonwealth Massachusetts.
Four cannon of Eighteen Pound Calliber, for use of the
United States Frigate Constitution
which i have a promise to replace immediately
Signed by duplicates
F L Jackson, Naval Agent of
behalf of the United States
End of Transcript
MSS, Ink on laid paper 9.25 x 7.25 sight, add 1.5" for period frame
Condition: typical folds, strong ink, not examined out of frame.
TAXes WAR FUNDING: Partially Printed. Carriage Certificate 1816 New Jersey
#173’ Dated 12 Mar 1816 Township of Bernards, County of Somerset, State of NJ
State of New Jersey John Ammins (sp?) paid one dollar to own and operate his carriage called "chair" for
one year, valued at fifty dollars. Signed N. Presi (sp?) and Issac Southland.
According to TaxHistory.Org "A year into the War of 1812, the conflict was interrupting commerce to a
point where customs revenues were down 50%. Congress approved a set of internal taxes, including a
direct tax designed to collect $3 million and excise duties on carriages, sugar refining, and distilled
spirits. Congress explicitly designated these taxes as war measures and provided for their automatic
appeal within a year of the war's termination. Legislators made no real effort to accommodate state
revenue systems as it did with the Federalists' land tax of 1798. An assessor or collector did, however,
have to be "a respectable freeholder and reside in the district." In addition, states were granted a 15
percent tax discount from the anticipated sum apportioned to their citizens if state governments
collected the taxes themselves and paid the federal government directly. A majority of
advantage of this arrangement, which spared the Madison administration the
trouble of establishing an
extensive bureaucratic infrastructure."
This and more tax info on www.TaxHistory.Org
Early American Tax primary document worthy of further research. Excellent Condition.
(6.25 x 7.25 sight 9.5 x 11 Framed) Displays very well in frame.
This heroic painting depicts Major General Zachary Taylor (on white horse) at the Battle of Buena Vista (22 - 23 February 1847). The background depicts troops advancing under cover of artillery while the foreground depicts Taylor and another mounted officer directing the battle. More artillery sets up on their flank. An officer shown with these artillerymen bears a strong resemblance to period depictions of Captain Braxton Bragg. It was the timely arrival of Bragg's "Flying Artillery" that saved the day for the Americans.
The artist used a considerable amount of glazing to render the background, as well as the faces and uniforms. This contributes to the remarkable depth and clarity of the painting. The color is superb, from the soft pinks and blues of the sky and the subtle browns and green of the undulating hills to the roiling smoke of the cannon and the nuanced shading of the wind-whipped flags. It is clear that the artist did not allow enough drying time between glazes; as a result there is a degree of craquelure across the surface of the painting. In spite of this, the painting is so well rendered and pleasing to look at that the craquelure blends into the background.
The painting, which measures 26" by 36", retains its original stretcher; the picture has been lightly cleaned; there is no other restoration; one tiny puncture at upper left that we will have expertly restored. The gold leaf frame is period and appropriate; however, we are not certain if it is original to the painting.
War of 1812 Commemorative Jug Decorated for American Market, Naval Battles
'The Enterprise and Boxer' and 'The United States and Macedonian'
Bentley, Wear and Bourne of Shelton, Staffordshire, England, circa 1814-1822
A rare and outstanding example, the engraving on a white reserve, surrounded by
infrequently seen apple green ground color surmounted by luster trim. The transfer
bearing the engraver’s name, Bentley, Wear and Bourne in script under the engravings.
This firm produced high quality work for other manufacturers; specialized in enameling
and transfer prints for the American market. Their engravings illustrating Anglo-
American naval engagements are particularly fine. See Old English Luster Pottery by
W.D. John and Warren Baker; American Naval Engagements, PP. 59-65. Also, Anglo-
American War, pp. 60-72. See page 61 for a discussion on the partnership of William
Bentley, William Wear and Samuel Bourne; Bourne ceases to be a partner sometime
between 1814 and 1822. Additional information may be found in 19th Century
Lusterware by Michael Gibson, pages 73 & 76. See Anglo American Ceramics-Transfer
Printed Creamware and Pearlware for the American Market 1760 – 1780 by David and
Linda Arman, page 50, plate 4.24. (Height: 5.5”)
Levi Lincoln Jr. Military Appointment Signed. 1829
One partially-printed page in presentation format "His Excellency, Levi Lincoln, Governor and Commander in Chief of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, to Ezekiel Boney of Hanson; Gentlemen, Greetings, you have been elected on the 4th day July One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty Nine, Lieutenant of a Company of Eight Infantry Annexed to the Second Regiment in the First Brigade and Fifth, Division of the Militia of this Commonwealth........" Lincoln served as the thirteenth governor of Massachusetts and was a founder of the Whig Party Large signature by Levi Lincoln, also signed by Edward Bangs, Secretary of the Commonwealth. Small image of Lincoln (not period) set into mat. Folds with very minor loss at told intersections, very minor toning.
Sight 15.5" x 9.75", Framed 19" x 15": Presents well. (not examined out of frame)
ALS, General Orders, 1807, Massachusetts Militia
CONTENT: ALS, (COPY) of 2 sided letter to Brig. Gen. S Holman from
the Maj General of Seventh Div. Mass Militia (Maj Gen Davis),
signed by John Spurr Jr ADC (aide de camp) Seventh Div. Mass. Militia;
dated July 20 1807
ALS: This is a COPY of a letter from the "Major General of Seventh Division" (gen Davis), and signed "John Spurr, Jr ADC", (aide de camp) requesting the formation of a detachment of artillery and cavalry for use by the Commander in Chief (Jefferson), and providing instructions/ details on the personnel elements of forming a detachment of Artillery (29 men) and Calvary (71 men), totally 100 men. This COPY is hand written by Jacob Fisher, Brig Major, in Fisher's handwriting, and is addressed on the envelope or Outer Folds: to " Cap James Wilder, Sterling “(Mass) . " General Orders July 1807" This COPY sent/signed by Jacob Fisher, Brig Major, and addressed accordingly on envelope (outer folds)
CONTENT: ALS, (COPY) of 2 sided letter to Brig. Gen. S Holman from Maj General Seventh Div. Mass Militia (Maj Gen Davis), signed by John Spurr Jr ADC (Seventh Div. Mass. Militia) dated July 20 1807,
Side 1: "Division Head Quarters at Oxford (Mass), July 20, 1807. Brig Gen S. Holman"….. Is a letter Brig Gen S Holman requesting support for ongoing troops to support the needs of the “Commander in Chief" (Thomas Jefferson) for his use in the defense of the United States. In other words, this letter outlines and appeals for a national force at the disposal of the President. The need was a result of Jefferson's isolationist/protectionist trade policies, England's growing opposition, and (later) evolving with Madison's actions until the War of 1812 resulted. At the time of this letter, there was a growing support for a national military. A large number of this General Order were hand copied and distributed to those who could/would/should follow through with urgency, and thus providing Jefferson with a known level of military support. Side 1 is signed “By Order of the Maj General of Seventh Division (Davis), John Spurr Jr., ADC"
Side 2: This side details the specific detailed personnel instructions for the formation of a 100 man detachment, with 29 men Artillery and 71 Calvary, including ranks. And signed again “By Order of the Maj General of Seventh Division (presumed Maj-Gen Davis), John Spurr Jr., ADC" (Aide de Camp)
Further Research: Proceedings of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, Volume ppg. 123-127, available on Google books, provides details of how this General Order evolved into a large gathering of Mass. Militia in Worcester, Mass, Sept 1807, just 2 months after the letter described was originally sent. Levi Lincoln Jr, Brig Gen S Holman spoke at the gathering. John Spurr Jr sent the invitations.
Of Note: According to preceding’s of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, Volume 9 "The State Militia, especially the Seventh Division, was composed in 1807 of active, energetic men, who felt an interest in citizen soldiery of the Commonwealth, and are willing to contribute both time and resources to their respective organizations" . Thomas Jefferson, through his isolationist/protectionist trade policies, was leading the U.S. closer to the War of 1812. In context, this document/letter is an element of military history leading to " An Act for Regulating, Governing, and Training the Militia of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts" passed March 6, 1810, which is the foundation for U.S ongoing military.
Names mentioned in ALS:
John Spurr Jr: There is a John Spurr listed in the participants of the Boston Tea Party; with a newspaper notation that he later became a Colonel in the Rhode Island militia. In the official US Gov. Archives, a John Spurr was commissioned captain in the Mass Bay Militia. Not sure either are the same guy, but being that this ALS is not actually penned or signed by him, there’s not a lot of reason to check. Rationale: Thomas Jefferson is mentioned in the letter, but obviously he was not involved in writing or signing, so only has a passing significance.
Major Jacob Fisher: The Jacob Fisher House is owned by the Lancaster Historical Society. “Major Fisher, a cabinetmaker from Princeton, no doubt came to Lancaster through his marriage to Nancy Carter, who was from a prominent Lancaster family. A respected and effective leader, Fisher served on many town committees, and his energy and talent promoted the development of business in the area." Taken from: https://www.digitalcommonwealth.org/search/commonwealth:73666j716
Brig. Gen S. Holman is not significant because he did not write or sign this letter, although he did have a long military history from the Rev War through leading the Massachusetts Seventh Division
Thomas Jefferson: Only mentioned as Commander in Chief. Not significant in regards to this letter.
Summary: Very interesting content for the military historian, local historian (Lancaster). In terms of historical significance, this MSS. is a worthy historical document reflecting the development in political and military thought as it pertains to forming a regular militia to be used by the Commander in Chief (national deployment) for the defense of the U.S., and at the discretion of the Commander in Chief.
Copies of General Orders are not uncommon, as they were required to be kept in a Regimental Book, or by any division receiving primary copies also, general orders were hand copied often, and we sent around to staff, subordinates, etc. Many ended up in private hands and many were tossed. ALL general orders are available in the military archives, so the General Order portion of this content is not original. The letter portion of the content appealing for the detachment into specific Artillery and Calvary units has well documented detail, but still is compelling due to historical context. Should be of interest to a collector or researcher of Worcester County, Lancaster, Sterling, or even general Massachusetts military history, or to a student of the period surrounding Jefferson/Madison's time in office, and/or the War of 1812, and/or, the history of American commerce, and/or the history of American maritime impact on international trade
"Report, or Manifesto of the Causes and Reasons of War with Great Britain, Presented to the House of Representatives by the Committee of Foreign Relations. June 3, 1812. Read and Ordered to Lie on the Table. Washington; A. & G. Way, Printers, 1812."
Though attributed to the Committee of Foreign Relations, the author of this manifesto is usually considered to be "the Young Hercules" John C. Calhoun the Representative from South Carolina. Calhoun strongly argued for going to war against England. The report emphasizes actions by England that, in the opinion of the "War Hawks", provoked and forced the United States to "...battle in a righteous cause..." 17 pages, some light foxing, disbound with some loose pages, but complete.
Day of Thanksgiving Commemorating End of War of 1812
"Discourse, Delivered in Boston, April 13, 1815, the Day of Thanksgiving Appointed by the President of the United States, in Consequence of the Peace. By John Lathrop, D.D. Pastor of the Second Church in Boston, Published at the Request of the Hearers, Boston Published by J. W. Burditt, 1815." Lathrop ruminates upon the impact of wars in America, including a long passage about Indians during King Philip's War. He notes that U. S. was on brink of defeat before a treaty was signed ending the War of 1812. 28 pages, cover torn, piece missing from last page, soiling and staining. 9-inches by 5.75-inches.