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Antique Paper 3

1808 Indenture for Shop Keeper, Book Keeper, Bridgewater, Plymouth County
Jacob Leonard sells his son, William Leonard as apprentice to Gamaliel Bryant, master for 7 years.

Standard Legal Contract between Jacob Leonard, and Gambriel Bryant, providing 7 years of shop and book-keeping apprenticeship for William Leonard, with Bryant providing room, board, clothing and teaching until the day that William Leonard turns 21, and is capable of performing independently.
Signed by Bryant, witnessed by Bryant's father (?) and Levi W. Leonard
Nobody famous, but an interesting view into commercial Bridgewater, Massachusetts at the height of the whaling industry; some kill them, other count them.
Partially printed with MSS. entries, all legible; not examined out of frame; some folds apparent; 8" by 13" sight, 9.5" by 14.5" framed. Good Condition



ALS, General Orders, 1807, Massachusetts Militia
CONTENT: ALS, (COPY) of 2 sided letter to Brig. Gen. S Holman from
the Maj General of Seventh Div. Mass Militia (Maj Gen Davis),
signed by John Spurr Jr ADC (aide de camp) Seventh Div. Mass. Militia;
dated July 20 1807

ALS: This is a COPY of a letter from the "Major General of Seventh Division" (gen Davis), and signed "John Spurr, Jr ADC", (aide de camp) requesting the formation of a detachment of artillery and cavalry for use by the Commander in Chief (Jefferson), and providing instructions/ details on the personnel elements of forming a detachment of Artillery (29 men) and Calvary (71 men), totally 100 men. This COPY is hand written by Jacob Fisher, Brig Major, in Fisher's handwriting, and is addressed on the envelope or Outer Folds: to " Cap James Wilder, Sterling “(Mass) . " General Orders July 1807" This COPY sent/signed by Jacob Fisher, Brig Major, and addressed accordingly on envelope (outer folds)

CONTENT: ALS, (COPY) of 2 sided letter to Brig. Gen. S Holman from Maj General Seventh Div. Mass Militia (Maj Gen Davis), signed by John Spurr Jr ADC (Seventh Div. Mass. Militia) dated July 20 1807,

Side 1: "Division Head Quarters at Oxford (Mass), July 20, 1807. Brig Gen S. Holman"….. Is a letter Brig Gen S Holman requesting support for ongoing troops to support the needs of the “Commander in Chief" (Thomas Jefferson) for his use in the defense of the United States. In other words, this letter outlines and appeals for a national force at the disposal of the President. The need was a result of Jefferson's isolationist/protectionist trade policies, England's growing opposition, and (later) evolving with Madison's actions until the War of 1812 resulted. At the time of this letter, there was a growing support for a national military. A large number of this General Order were hand copied and distributed to those who could/would/should follow through with urgency, and thus providing Jefferson with a known level of military support. Side 1 is signed “By Order of the Maj General of Seventh Division (Davis), John Spurr Jr., ADC"

Side 2: This side details the specific detailed personnel instructions for the formation of a 100 man detachment, with 29 men Artillery and 71 Calvary, including ranks. And signed again “By Order of the Maj General of Seventh Division (presumed Maj-Gen Davis), John Spurr Jr., ADC" (Aide de Camp)



Further Research: Proceedings of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, Volume ppg. 123-127, available on Google books, provides details of how this General Order evolved into a large gathering of Mass. Militia in Worcester, Mass, Sept 1807, just 2 months after the letter described was originally sent. Levi Lincoln Jr, Brig Gen S Holman spoke at the gathering. John Spurr Jr sent the invitations.

Of Note: According to preceding’s of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, Volume 9 "The State Militia, especially the Seventh Division, was composed in 1807 of active, energetic men, who felt an interest in citizen soldiery of the Commonwealth, and are willing to contribute both time and resources to their respective organizations" . Thomas Jefferson, through his isolationist/protectionist trade policies, was leading the U.S. closer to the War of 1812. In context, this document/letter is an element of military history leading to " An Act for Regulating, Governing, and Training the Militia of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts" passed March 6, 1810, which is the foundation for U.S ongoing military.

Names mentioned in ALS:

John Spurr Jr: There is a John Spurr listed in the participants of the Boston Tea Party; with a newspaper notation that he later became a Colonel in the Rhode Island militia. In the official US Gov. Archives, a John Spurr was commissioned captain in the Mass Bay Militia. Not sure either are the same guy, but being that this ALS is not actually penned or signed by him, there’s not a lot of reason to check. Rationale: Thomas Jefferson is mentioned in the letter, but obviously he was not involved in writing or signing, so only has a passing significance.

Major Jacob Fisher: The Jacob Fisher House is owned by the Lancaster Historical Society. “Major Fisher, a cabinetmaker from Princeton, no doubt came to Lancaster through his marriage to Nancy Carter, who was from a prominent Lancaster family. A respected and effective leader, Fisher served on many town committees, and his energy and talent promoted the development of business in the area." Taken from:

Brig. Gen S. Holman is not significant because he did not write or sign this letter, although he did have a long military history from the Rev War through leading the Massachusetts Seventh Division

Thomas Jefferson: Only mentioned as Commander in Chief. Not significant in regards to this letter.

Summary: Very interesting content for the military historian, local historian (Lancaster). In terms of historical significance, this MSS. is a worthy historical document reflecting the development in political and military thought as it pertains to forming a regular militia to be used by the Commander in Chief (national deployment) for the defense of the U.S., and at the discretion of the Commander in Chief.

Copies of General Orders are not uncommon, as they were required to be kept in a Regimental Book, or by any division receiving primary copies also, general orders were hand copied often, and we sent around to staff, subordinates, etc. Many ended up in private hands and many were tossed. ALL general orders are available in the military archives, so the General Order portion of this content is not original. The letter portion of the content appealing for the detachment into specific Artillery and Calvary units has well documented detail, but still is compelling due to historical context. Should be of interest to a collector or researcher of Worcester County, Lancaster, Sterling, or even general Massachusetts military history, or to a student of the period surrounding Jefferson/Madison's time in office, and/or the War of 1812, and/or, the history of American commerce, and/or the history of American maritime impact on international trade

"Report, or Manifesto of the Causes and Reasons of War with Great Britain, Presented to the House of Representatives by the Committee of Foreign Relations. June 3, 1812. Read and Ordered to Lie on the Table. Washington; A. & G. Way, Printers, 1812."

Though attributed to the Committee of Foreign Relations, the author of this manifesto is usually considered to be "the Young Hercules" John C. Calhoun the Representative from South Carolina. Calhoun strongly argued for going to war against England. The report emphasizes actions by England that, in the opinion of the "War Hawks", provoked and forced the United States to "...battle in a righteous cause..." 17 pages, some light foxing, disbound with some loose pages, but complete.



Concord Gazette
Tuesday, September 13, 1814

Copy of the Concord [NH] Gazette with a front-page report of the "Destruction of the American Capital from the Federal Republican." The report is unsparing in describing the poor performance of some American troops. Also contains reports on the Battle of Bladensburg, "Niagara-Ontario Frontier", Napoleon's valet writing from Elba as well as Dartmouth, Middlebury, and Harvard commencements. 4 pages, folded with some tears along folds, some staining and foxing.



"Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting Copies of a Correspondence of the Minister Plenipotentiary of G. Britain with the Secretary of State. June 5th, 1812. Printed by Order of the Senate United States. Washington City: Printed by R. C. Weightman. 1812."

24 pages. Correspondence from Augustus J. Foster, Minister Plenipotentiary to the U. S. from Great Britain to James Monroe, Secretary of State regarding economic blockades erected by France and England. A portion of Monroe's response appears on page 24. Some soiling on cover page, bound with string.



"Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting Sundry Documents Relating to a Declaration and Order in Council of the British Government, of the Twenty-first of April, 1812. July 13th, 1813, Printed by Order of the House of Representatives, Washington City; Printed by Roger C. Weightman. 1813."

Copies of correspondence between Jonathan Russell, U. S. charge d'affaires in London and Viscount Castlereagh, British Foreign Minister. 35 pages, unbound, pinholes for string binding, deckled edges, light soiling and foxing.



Major General Henry Dearborn for Governor of Massachusetts
Circa 1817 - SOLD

Henry Dearborn (1751 - 1825) participated in the Battles of Bunker Hill, Ticonderoga, Saratoga, Monmouth, the Quebec Expedition and the Siege of Yorktown. He was Secretary of War for Jefferson, the senior Major General in the War of 1812, Collector for the Port of Boston, member of the U. S. House of Representatives, and Minister to Portugal. The undated pamphlet is titled "Massachusetts Election! First Monday in April Next. American Nomination. Major-General Henry Dearborn, for Governor..." Approximately 9-inches by 6-inches, deckled edges, pages uncut at top, bound with string. Heavily toned, with some foxing, "Politics" written in ink on top of last page.


Day of Thanksgiving Commemorating End of War of 1812

"Discourse, Delivered in Boston, April 13, 1815, the Day of Thanksgiving Appointed by the President of the United States, in Consequence of the Peace. By John Lathrop, D.D. Pastor of the Second Church in Boston, Published at the Request of the Hearers, Boston Published by J. W. Burditt, 1815." Lathrop ruminates upon the impact of wars in America, including a long passage about Indians during King Philip's War. He notes that U. S. was on brink of defeat before a treaty was signed ending the War of 1812. 28 pages, cover torn, piece missing from last page, soiling and staining. 9-inches by 5.75-inches.



Previous Offerings or Gone to New Homes

David Meacham
Probably New Lebanon, New York
Undated, Circa 1800.
Descended in a Middletown, Connecticut, family - SOLD

(Ink on laid paper, 4 pp. ADS, 12.5-inches by 7.75-inches.)

David Meacham, Sr. (1743-1826) was from an old Enfield, Connecticut family, a younger son of Joseph Meacham, Sr. (1708-1794) and the younger brother of Shaker leader Joseph Meacham, Jr. (1742-1796). When the Shaker way was introduced to Enfield, David Meacham and his family all converted and their homestead became the center of the Church Family. The Meacham family then moved to the New Lebanon community, where David was made the first deacon in 1794.

In this remarkable and strongly worded proclamation, Meacham laments "the brutal creation or animal that has been groaning under great oppression and bondage." He continues by outlining, in specific terms, the proper care of livestock, including oxen, cows, and sheep, regularly stating that these animals, which are blessings given to mankind for "food, clothing, health and comfort" ought to be "kept in good flesh." He closes, "Written for the Consideration and help of all those Members who are interested in care with the order and Use of the Joint Interest of the Church By David Meacham Overseer of the Temporal Interest of the Church."
Condition: Toned, some ink burn, expected fold lines with minor associated losses.

323-44 - SOLD

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