Treasury Report, December 13, 1790 - SOLD
Alexander Hamilton PPs 3-44 (missing cover and title page; ND, No Title Page; no printer or location listed); Bound by last owner in modern cloth. A hard to find edition, when supplemented with facsimile title page will provide a collector with an affordable copy of a hard to find edition.
Summary as follows: Report on Public Credit
In the Report on Public Credit, the Secretary made a controversial proposal that would have the federal government assume state debts incurred during the Revolution. This would, in effect, give the federal government much more power by placing the country's most serious financial obligation in the hands of the federal, rather than the state governments.
The primary criticism of the plan was spearheaded by Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson and Representative James Madison. Some states, like Jefferson's Virginia, had paid almost half of their debts, and that their taxpayers should not be assessed again to bail out the less provident. They further argued that the plan passed beyond the scope of the new Constitutional government.
Madison objected to Hamilton's proposal to cut the rate of interest and postpone payments on federal debt, as not being payment in full; he also objected to the speculative profits being made. Much of the national debt had been bonds issued to Continental veterans, in place of wages which the Continental Congress did not have the money to pay; as these continued to go unpaid, many of these bonds had been pawned for a small fraction of their value. Madison proposed to pay in full, but to divide payment between the original recipient and the present possessor. Others, like Samuel Livermore of New Hampshire, wished to curb speculation, and save taxation, by paying only part of the bond. The disagreements between Madison and Hamilton extended to other proposals Hamilton made to Congress, and drew in Jefferson when he returned from France. Hamilton's supporters became known as Federalists and Jefferson's as Republicans. As Madison put it:
"I deserted Colonel Hamilton, or rather Colonel H. deserted me; in a word, the divergence between us took place from his wishing to administration, or rather to administer the Government into what he thought it ought to be..."
Hamilton eventually secured passage of his assumption plan by striking a deal with Jefferson and Madison. According to the terms, Hamilton was to use his influence to place the permanent national capital on the Potomac River, and Jefferson and Madison were to encourage their friends to back Hamilton's assumption plan. In the end, Hamilton's assumption, together with his proposals for funding the debt, overcame legislative opposition and narrowly passed the House on July 26, 1790.
XJT-76 - SOLD
Boston July 28th 1796 / Sir / Please to Deliver Col. David / Payson two Standards for Two / Batalions [sic] of Infantry & One for a / Batalion [sic] of Artilery [sic] for the 8th Division / 1st Brigade Militia Common Wealth / Mass'ts Amena Davis V M, Gen'l / M Sam'l Goove. - SOLD
Approximately 7 ¾-inches x 6-inches. The paper is folded into thirds horizontally. Written on the reverse: for 3 Standards for the / 8 Div'sn 28 July / 1796 / Received the within Standards, / David Payson Lt. Col / 2 White 1 Red / + 2 Staffs / mounted. Toning, stained along creases, small separation on top edge of one crease.
XJT-42 - SOLD
WASHINGTON, GEORGE. Partly-printed Document Signed, "G: Washington,"
WASHINGTON, GEORGE. Partly-printed Document Signed, "G: Washington," a lottery ticket, number 257, for the Mountain Road Lottery. with Receipt "numb 257" still attached to left side of the ticket body. - SOLD
1 3/8” by 4 3/4”; separations at vertical folds expertly repaired verso (long ago), resulting in very acceptable but uneven toning. [Virginia], 1768. A very fine example for completeness and condition. Comes in 19th C. pre-folded envelope reading " Continental and Louisiana Lottery Tickets" in script, with that in a larger C. 1860's. pre-folded envelope with mark of "Douglas, Engraver, New Orleans" and some unrelated script, along with the provenance written in 1876. Note: Provenance letter was long stored in the smaller envelope as witnessed by folds and creases in the envelope structure. Rare and complete. Ticket 1 3/8" by 4 3/4"'; Small envelope 3 1/2" by 6"; Larger envelope 4" by 6 1/4”; Toning, Aging, folds, creases, etc. as found on old paper.
Washington operated a lottery to help fund the building of the Mountain Road in Virginia, in support of Westward Expansion. The lottery did not take place, and the road was eventually built through funding by the Virginia legislature. This explains why the ticket retains the ticket receipt as it was likely not sold/issued for a drawing, and supports the provenance claim that it came from the family as they would have retained unsold tickets. We imagine the Washington family sitting around the kitchen table signing lottery tickets and discussing roads, politics, finances, etc. If this ticket could only talk.
Provenance letter: "Fredericksburg Va. Apr 8 1876 I hereby certify that Lottery Ticket No. 257 date 1768 and Signed by George Washington was given to me by one of the "Washington family" has been in my possession Twenty five years, and that I believe it to be genuine beyond question------ Sam'l Kearnsley"
1217-1 - SOLD
Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents by Edmund Burke
Printed for J. Dodsley
London, 1775 - SOLD
A discourse on the travails England was experiencing in the late 18th century, including problems with the American colonies by one of the foremost political thinkers in England. 118 pages, rebound with marbled covers and leather corners and spine.
XJT-53 - SOLD
The Address of the People of Great Britain to the Inhabitants of America
By Sir John Dalrymple, printed for T. Cadell
London 1775 - SOLD
Rebound in brown cloth covers. Pencil marks and notes throughout, some foxing and toning.
XJT-50 - SOLD
Pay Voucher for Pennsylvania Assembly, 1783 - SOLD
Made out to John Steinmetz, a Philadelphia wholesale merchant, ship owner and importer, this printed and handwritten document is signed by Frederick A. Muhlenberg (1750 - 1801) the Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly. Muhlenberg was a former Lutheran Minister turned businessman who served as a member of the Continental Congress, became first Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, and President of the Pennsylvania Convention. The reverse acknowledges payment and is signed twice by Steinmetz. The document has been folded into thirds vertically and a portion has torn away and been taped back into place. There is another piece of tape on the remaining fold as well as a small hole. 7.75" by 6.25".
XJT-2 - SOLD
Printed Table of Organization for the 1st Brigade, 6th Division of Militia
Circa 1794 - SOLD
Printed with handwritten notations including the names of commanding officers of each regiment and numbers of officers and men in the first brigade of infantry, cavalry, and artillery. The document is approximately 18 .5-inches x 7 5/8-inches and has been folded vertically six times. There are separations along some of the creases, and one section is detached (easy repair) Written in pen on blank side, Return of Detachment / part 80,000 men from / 1 Brigade 6 Division / 1794.
XJT-41 - SOLD
List of Goods and Duties Paid on "...Box of Jewelry & Buckles..." - SOLD
Printed and handwritten, undated but a reference has been found of another list of goods from the ship Colworth that is dated 1789. Approximately 8-inches by 6.75-inches. of Ben Walker, Secy to General Clinton, Aid to Baron Stueben, and member of Continental Congress. Benj. Walker is a worthy add to any Rev War collection of content and context. Also signed by Charles Tillinghast.
From the papers in the Revolutionary War pension claim, W. 16444, it appears that Charles Tillinghast was a native of New York City, the date of his birth is not stated. While residing in New York City, he served from early in 1776 as Assistant Deputy Quartermaster General under Deputy Quartermaster General High Hughes, with rank of captain from May 14, 1777 until General Hughes resigned, and then served under Quartermaster General Timothy Pickering, a part of the time as Assistant Quartermaster General, service until late in 1784.
XJT-60 - SOLD
Massachusetts Bay Bounty Note Dated 1777 - SOLD
This 7.5-inch by 6.25-inch bounty note is printed and handwritten on laid paper. It has been folded in half vertically and horizontally and there is a small tear on the right of the horizontal fold. The document is dated January 15, 1777 and promises to pay the "...Possessor of this Note the Sum of TEN POUNDS, on the 6th Day of December 1780, with Interest at Six per Cent, per Annum..." It is signed H. Gardner, Treasurer and by William Cooper and N. Appleton.
XJT-1 - SOLD
1782 Accounting Document - SOLD
Wadsworth & Carter were from Philadelphia and were major contractors supplying the Continental Army and their French allies. The list includes merchandise, wine and sugar, as well as suppliers. Payments were made by Wadsworth & Carter to Daniel Parker, a Massachusetts businessman who was also a contractor to the Continental Commissary Department. Approximately 9.75-inches by 7.25-inches. Apparently connected to XJT60, Wadworth and Carter were contractors supplying the French Army during the American Revolution, with direct ties to Archameault, et al. Note the large amounts of wines, spirits, and other "necessities" that only the French would find worthy at the same time Washington was begging his troops to stick it out just one more year. Fascinating example of how different cultures and positions reflect different behaviors.
XJT-62 - SOLD