Lobster ova [ovum] were incubated in large glass jars known as Wilmot jars that were constantly replenished with cold salt water.
Lobster was one of the first fisheries to be regulated in the new Dominion of Canada after 1867. As early as 1870, catch size and weights were being monitored and by the late 19th century there was already a concern that lobster stocks were declining in the Northumberland Straight.
In 1891 following a survey undertaken by Samuel Wilmot, Superintendent of Fish Culture, the first lobster hatchery in Canada was established at the Little Entrance of Caribou Harbor, then known as Bayview. The hatchery relied on local canneries and fishers to supply lobster eggs to incubate. With several canneries nearby including the American firm of Burnham & Morrell, the location was central to the thriving fishery.
Lobster hatching and seeding was practiced in Europe by the late 1700’s and Canadian scientists were familiar with the methods established in Norway. A hatchery in Dildo Island, Newfoundland managed by Norwegian Adolf Neilson was the model for the Bayview Hatchery. Lobster ova were incubated in large glass jars known as Wilmot jars that were constantly replenished with cold salt water.
The hatchery was a simple shed lined with rows of shelves holding Wilmot jars fed by an overhead tap lining an upper shelf. The eggs grew into larvae, which, when sufficiently developed, were released into the waters of Northumberland Straight. Several million larvae were seeded into surrounding waters every year from the Bayview hatchery. By 1894, over 12 other hatcheries were established, 8 in Nova Scotia, 2 in New Brunswick and 2 in Quebec. The hatchery operations were very successful for a time but by 1917 there was no substantive evidence that seeding lobster larvae increased lobster stocks and the hatcheries were closed. (Height: 11.5"; diameter: 9")
Left to right: Blown Rectangular Snuff Bottle, Beveled Edges, Olive Amber
Tooled Flared Mouth, Pontil Scar
New England, probably Stoddard, Connecticut
Dimensions: 4" H. SOLD
Blown Bottle, Medium Amber, Impressed Lyre, Fine Condition, Great Color
Circa 1870 - SOLD
A mold blown example with improved pontil; laid-on ring finish with "slop over" under applied ring; H: 8.75".
Ink Bottle, Keene, Blown Three Mold, Cylindrical
Marlboro Street Glassworks
Keene, New Hampshire
1820 to 1840 - SOLD
Flask, Blown, Original Stopper, Nailsea Type
Amber and white swirl, ground pontil, fine
1840 to 1850 - SOLD
Flask, Chestnut, Amber Green, Free Blown, Applied Collared Mouth
1780 to 1830 - SOLD
Applied lip with smooth chip (in-making?), pontil scar
Dimensions: 5" H.
A large free-blown cased urn-form, opal white lining on applied colorless pedestal
resting on circular foot, outstanding tooled colorless handles. The lid features an applied
finial with cut finial. Excellent condition; Height: 14.5".
See Lowell Innes, Pittsburgh Glass 1797-1891, page 426, plate 487
A rare and fine pair of vases of outstanding form, hand-blown in brilliant cobalt blue, the
ruffled rims are tightly folded. The gauffered rims with the tight fold are often seen on
pressed vases of the 1840s. Fine condition; height: 8.5"; diameter at rim: 6".
This early blown wineglass suffered the loss of its foot which was replaced with a silver substitute. The wine itself is a superb example of late seventeenth century blown and engraved glass from Nuremberg. The piece features three hollow knops each separated by three wafers, and a generous bowl engraved with open pit mining scenes. A coat of arms is engraved in the front and is believed to be the arms of one of the Counts of Mansfeld. The foot is hand hammered silver and bears the name Mansfeld and the date 1530. (Also, in tiny font, “A.E. 12”) The foot was likely made during the late 18th or early 19th century. Mansfeld Germany was noted for copper and silver mining for 800 years; Kupferschiefer was the principle mineral; the ore was reached via open mine shafts as depicted on the bowl. This 10.5-inch goblet was likely made to commemorate the successful mining endeavors of one of the Mansfeld families. Fine condition.
Pushed-up bottoms with pontil scars; clear and aquamarine; remaining labels read "Crawley Root" and "Emery". Dimensions: sizes range from 4.25" H and 3" diameter to 12.5" H and 5.5" diameter.
201-340 - SOLD
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